( ) 1.全面实现小康社会是党和国家到2020年实现的指导思想。
( ) 2.教师有指导学生的学习和发展，评定学生的品行和学业成绩的义务。
( ) 3.《教师法》也适用于在少年宫以及地方教研室、电化教育机构等中专门从事教育教学工作的教师。
( ) 4.学校和其他教育机构应当逐步实行教师聘任制。教师的聘任由学校和教师签定聘任合同，明确规定教师的权利、义务和责任。
( ) 5.教师考核应当客观、公正、准确，充分听取学校各部门、其他教师以及学生的意见.
( ) 6.师生关系如何无所谓，只要教师业务能力强就行。
( ) 7.建立良好的师生关系是教育工作取得成效的重要因素。
( ) 8.教育机智是教师灵感的突现。
( ) 9、当代教育的发展中，学历教育和非学历教育的界限逐渐淡化。
( ) 10、少年期是多事之秋，心理学家称之为“危险期”，因此，正确这一阶段的少年一定要严加看管。
1. 构建学习化社会的理想主要体现的是（ ）
A．前制度化教育 B．制度化教育 C．非制度化教育 D．正规教育4 z3 J4 _4 D6 ?/ O" |5 `; q) p6 b) O
2. 为适应科学知识的加速增长和人的持续发展要求而逐渐形成的教育思想和教育制度称为（ ）) S3 }* |" h O0 r5 r3 ?% S) j
A．终身教育 B．普通教育 C．职业教育 D．义务教育
3. 孔子说：“学而不思则惘，思而不学则殆”，表明孔子很强调（ ）
C. 因材施教 D．学习与行动相结合
4. 西方教育史上，首倡“从做中学”的是（ ）% }+ f) f& J" d% `- \, C8 k; ?
A． 布鲁纳 B．康德 C．杜威 D．卢梭
5. 心理学家提出了发展的关键期或最佳期的概念，其依据是身心发展的（ ）
A． 顺序性 B．阶段性 C．不平衡性 D．互补性4 J7 w7 _% t- w. c4 r5 w
6. 决定教育领导权的是（ ）
A． 生产力 B．科学技术 C．文化 D．政治经济制度
7. 我国教育目的的理论基础是（ ）
A．素质教育 B．马克思主义关于人的全面发展学说- l% ^8 F1 o% T
8. 现代教育与传统教育的根本区别在于（ ）0 | [' f+ x9 F
9. 学校不得使未成年学生在危及人身安全、健康的校舍和其他教育教学设施中活动，否则就是违反了学生的（ ）
A.人身自由权 B．人格尊严权 C．身心健康权 D．陷私权1 E. G2 C* p( M! z/ L
10. 教师职业的最大特点在于职业角色的（ ）
A． 多样化 B．专业化 C．单一化 D．崇高化4 ~9 V d: z. q) n# n* _8 v
11. The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of________ left their village homes for a better life in the city.
A．whom B．which C．them D．those
12. After that he knew he could________ any emergency by doing what be could to the best of his ability.
A．get away with B．get on with C．get through D．get across
13. Playing on a frozen sports field sounds like a hot of fun. Isn’t it rather risky, ____?
A. though B. also C. either D. too
14. Where is Edinburgh?
A. In Wales B. In Scotland. C. In Northern Ireland D. In Ireland
15. Jane Austen wrote all the following novels EXCEPT________?
A. Sense and Sensibility B. The Sun Also Rises
C. Pride and Prejudice D.Emma
（ ）1.A. grade B. hate C. water D. ace
（ ）2.A cow B. now C. how D. row
（ ）3.A room B. book C. foot D. good
（ ）4.A. chair B. check C. teach D. technology
（ ）5.A. mouth B. group C. round D. shout
Smoking is considered dangerous to the health. Our tobacco-seller, Mr. Johnson, therefore, always asks his customers, if they are very young, whom the cigarettes are bought 1 .
One day, a little girl whom he had never seen before walked 2 into his shop and demanded twenty cigarettes. She had the 3 amount of money in her hand and seemed very 4 of herself. Mr. Johnson was so 5 by her confident manner that he 6 to ask his usual question. 7 , he asked her what kind of cigarettes she wanted. The girl replied 8 and handed him the money. While he was giving her the 9 , Mr. Johnson said laughingly that 10 she was so young she should 11 the packet in her pocket in case a policeman saw it. Nevertheless, the little girl did not seem to find this very funny. Without even smiling she took the 12 and walked towards the door. Suddenly she stopped, turned round, and looked steadily at Mr. Johnson. There was a moment of silence and the tobacco-seller 13 what she was going to say. 14 at once, in a clear, firm voice, the girl declared, “My dad is a policeman,”and with 15 she walked quickly out of the shop.
1. A) with B) for C) to D) from
2. A) nervously B) heavily C) hesitatingly D) boldly
3. A) exact B) correct C) large D) enough
4. A) ashamed B) sure C) fond D) glad
5. A) worried B) annoyed C) surprised D) pleased
6. A) forgot B) came C) remembered D) feared
7. A) Therefore B) Instead C) Somehow D) Anyway
8. A) readily B) patiently C) softly D) slowly
9. A) change B) warning C) cigarettes D) bill
10. A) as B) while C) for D) though
11. A) cover B) hide C) dip D) take
12. A) packet B) advice C) money D) blame
13. A) wondered B) doubted C) considered D) expected
14. A) And B) So C) But D) All
15. A) which B) him C) that D) what
In bringing up children, every parent watches eagerly the child’s acquisition（学会）of each new skill-the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of worry in the child: This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early, a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.
Patents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters. Others are sever over times of coming home at night or punctuality for meals. In general, the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child’s own happiness.
As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality（道德）. Also, parents should realize that “example is better than precept”. If they are not sincere and do not practise what they preach（说教）, their children may grow confused, and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent fooled.
A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents’ principles and their morals can be a dangerous disappointment.
1. Eagerly watching the child’s acquisition of new skills _________.
A) should be avoided
B) is universal among parents
C) sets up dangerous states of worry in the child
D) will make him lose interest in learning new things
2. In the process of children’s learning new skills parents ______.
A) should encourage them to read before they know the meaning of the words they read
B) should not expect too much of them
C) should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own
D) should create as many learning opportunities as possible
3. The second paragraph mainly tells us that __________.
A) parents should be strict with their children
B) parental controls reflect only the needs of the parents and the values of the community
C) parental restrictions vary, and are not always enforced for the benefit of the children alone
D) parents vary in their strictness towards their children according to the situation
4. The word “precept” (Line 3, Para.3) probably means “_________”.
5. In moral matters, parents should __________.
A) observe the rules themselves
B) be aware of the marked difference between adults and children
C) forbid things which have no foundation in morality
D) consistently ensure the security of their children
American society is not nap（午睡）friendly. In fact, says David Dinges, a sleep specialist at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. “There’s even a prohibition against admitting we need sleep.” Nobody wants to be caught napping or found asleep at work. To quote proverb: “Some sleep five hours, nature requires seven, laziness nine and wickedness eleven.”
Wrong. The way not to fall asleep at work is to take naps when you need them. “We have to totally change our attitude toward napping”, says Dr. William Dement of Stanford University, the godfather of sleep research.
Last year a national commission led by Dement identified an “American sleep debt” which one member said was as important as the national debt, the commission was concerned about the dangers of sleepiness: people causing industrial accidents or falling asleep while driving. This may be why we have a new sleep policy in the White House. According to recent reports, president Clinton is trying to take a half-hour snooze（打瞌睡）every afternoon.
About 60 percent of American adults nap when given the opportunity. We seem to have “a mid-afternoon quiet phase” also called “a secondary sleep gate.” Sleeping 15 minutes to two hours in the early afternoon can reduce stress and make us refreshed. Clearly, we were born to nap.
We Superstars of Snooze don’t nap to replace lost shut-eye or to prepare for a night shift. Rather, we “snack” on sleep, whenever, wherever and at whatever time we feel like it. I myself have napped in buses, cars, planes and on boats; on floors and beds; and in libraries, offices and museums.
1. It is commonly accepted in American society that too much sleep is _______.
2. The research done by the Dement commission shows that Americans ________.
A) don’t like to take naps
B) are terribly worried about their national debt
C) sleep less than is good for them
D) have caused many industrial and traffic accidents
3. The purpose of this article is to ___________.
A) warn us of the wickedness of napping
B) explain the danger of sleepiness
C) discuss the side effects of napping
D) convince the reader of the necessity of napping
4. The “American sleep debt” (Line 1, Para.3) is the result of _________.
A) the traditional misconception the Americans have about sleep
B) the new sleep policy of the Clinton Administration
C) the rapid development of American industry
D) the Americans’ worry about the danger of sleepiness
5. The second sentence of the last paragraph tells us that it is __________.
A) preferable to have a sound sleep before a night shift
B) good practice to eat something light before we go to bed
C) essential to make up for cost sleep
D) natural to take a nap whenever we feel the need for it
Violin prodigies（神童）, I learned, have come in distinct waves from distinct regions. Most of the great performers if the late 19th and early 20th centuries were born and brought up in Russia and Eastern Europe. I asked Isaac Stern, one of the world’s greatest violinists the reason for this phenomenon. “It is very clear,” he told me. “They were all Jews（犹太人）and Jews at the time were severely oppressed and ill-treated in that part of the world. They were not allowed into the professional fields, but they were allowed to achieve excellence on a concert stage.” As a result, every Jewish parent’s dream was to have a child in the music school because it was a passport to the West.
Another element in the emergence of prodigies, I found, is a society that values excellence in a certain field to nurture（培育）talent. Nowadays, the most nurturing societies seem to be in the Far East. “In Japan, a most competitive society, with stronger discipline than ours,” says Isaac Stem, children are ready to test their limits every day in many fields, including music. When Western music came to Japan after World War II, that music not only became part of their daily lives, but it became a discipline as well. The Koreans and Chinese as we know, are just as highly motivated as the Japanese.
That’s a good thing, because even prodigies must work hard. Next to hard work, biological inheritance plays an important role in the making of a prodigy .J. S. Bach, for example, was the top of several generations of musicians, and four of his sons had significant careers in music.
1. Jewish parents in Eastern Europe longed for their children to attend music school because _________.
A) it would allow them access to a better life in the West
B) Jewish children are born with excellent musical talent
C) they wanted their children to enter into the professional field
D) it would enable the family to get better treatment in their own country
2. Nurturing societies as mentioned in the passage refer to societies that, _________.
A) enforce strong discipline on students who want to achieve excellence
B) treasure talent and provide opportunities for its full development
C) encourage people to compete with each other
D) promise talented children high positions
3. Japan is described in the passage as a country that attaches importance to _________.
A) all-round development
B) the learning of Western music
C) strict training of children
D) variety in academic studies
4. Which of the following contributes to the emergence of musical prodigies according to the passage?
A) A natural gift.
B) Extensive knowledge of music.
C) Very early training.
D) A prejudice-free society.
5. Which of the following titles best summarizes the main idea of the passage?
A) Jewish Contribution to Music.
B) Training of Musicians in the World
C) Music and Society
D) The Making of Prodigies
Please design a teaching plan with the dialogue.
A: Can you come to my party on Wednesday ?
B: Sure, I’d love to .
C: Sorry, I can’t. I have a piano lesson .
D: I’m sorry, too. I have to go to the doctor .
Objective(s) of the activity:
Directions：For this part, you are allowed to write a composition on the topic “ Importance of Education”. You should write at least 150 words.