一、 判断题（每小题1分，共10分。 你认为正确的请在括号内打“√”，错误的打“X”）
( ) 1、一定社会的政治制度决定着教育目的的性质，生产力发展水平决定着培养人才的质量规格。
( ) 2、教育过程中的师生关系是知识授受的关系。
( ) 3、课程目标的确定取决于知识或学科的内容。
( ) 4、在泰勒的课程原理和评价原理基础上涉及的课程评价模式是目的游离评价模式。
( ) 5、分组教学是为了克服班级授课制的弊端而提出的，因此比班级授课制优越。
( ) 6、德育的过程具有多端性。
( ) 7、依据科尔博格的道德认知模式进行道德教育主要用的是道德两难故事法。
( ) 8、班级管理应该以学生为核心，建立学生为本的班级管理机制。
( ) 9、人的身心发展受多种因素制约，概括起来主要有遗传、环境和教育。
( ) 10、在基础教育课程改革中，教师的角色已由课程知识的施与者变为教育学意义上的交往者。
1.确定“优先发展，育人为本，改革创新，促进公平，提高质量”教育工作方针的是 ( )
2.教师法定的最基本权利是 ( )
A.管理学生权 B.进修培训权 C.科学研究权 D.教育教学权
3.从法规类型（属性）上看，《教师资格条例》属于 ( )
A.单行条例 B.政府规章 C.行政规章 D.行政法规
4.根据《教师资格条例》，品行不良、侮辱学生、影响恶劣的，其教师资格将依法 ( )
A.撤消 B.注销 C.吊销 D.取消
5.《浙江省中小学学生人身安全事故预防与处理办法》认定，学校对学生安全负有的职责是 ( )
A. “观点”(Approaches) B. 大纲（Syllabus）
C. 教学活动（Activities） D. 师生角色（Teacher and student roles）
A. 具有生成性 B. 具有交际功能
C. 把意义编成了语码 D. 把语码转换成了意义
8. “___；语言是一套习惯；教授语言，而不是教授有关语言的知识；语言是讲那种语言本族语的人所说的话，而不是某人认为他们应该怎样说就怎样说；各种语言不尽相同，它们存在着差异。” 这些原则，成为听说法的语言观，它直接影响着听说法的建立和发展。
A．语言是口语，不是书面语 B. 语言是书面语，不是口语
C. 语言既是口语，也是书面语 D. 语言既不是口语，也不是书面语
A. 行为主义心理学 B. 结构主义语言学 C. 功能主义 D. 转换生成
A. 相同 B. 相近 C. 既不相同也不相近 D. 不同
11.—It was a wonderful trip.So,which city did you like better,Paris or Rome?
— .There were good things and bad things about them.
A.It’s hard to say B.I didn’t get it
C.You must be kidding D.Couldn’t be better
12.The dictionary is :many words have been added to the language since it was published.
A.out of control B.out of date
C.out of sight D.out of reach
13.When walking down the street,I came across David,whom I for years.
A.didn’t see B.haven’t seen
C.hadn’t seen D.wouldn’t see
14.The cooling wind swept through our bedroom windows, air conditioning unnecessary.
A.making B.to make
C.made D.being made
15.It was really annoying;I get access to the data bank you had recommended.
16.—I’m thinking of going back to school to get another degree.
—Sounds great! .
A.It all depends B.Go for it
C.Never mind D.No wonder
17. the average age of the population increases,there are more and more old people to care for.
18.Mary was silent during the early part of the discussion but finally she her opinion on the subject.
A.gave voice to B.kept an eye on
C.turned a deaf ear to D.set foot on
19.We will put off the picnic in the park until next week, the weather may be better.
20.The weather forecast says it will be cloudy with a slight of rain later tonight.
21.The manager put forward a suggestion we should have an assistant.There is too much work to do.
22.I’m going to advantage of this tour to explore the history of the castle.
23.You are waiting at a wrong place.It is at the hotel the coach picks up tourists.
24.I hate it when she calls me at work—I’m always too busy to a conversation with her.
A.carry on B.break into
C.turn down D.cut off
25.I was wearing a seat-belt. If I hadn’t been wearing one,I .
A.were injured B.would be injured
C.had been injured D.would have been injured
（ ）1. A extra B. excuse C. exhibition D. execise
（ ）2.A chalk B. talk C. salt D. hall
（ ）3.A finish B. pilot C. bike D. sight
（ ）4.A. house B. south C. soul D. mouth
（ ）5.A. stomach B. school C. scheme D. machine
（ ）6.A. two B. tooth C. took D. tool
Beautiful pictures of mountains and forests, clear skies, flying birds, wild animals, silly faces — you can find them all in one place. 1 ? On a postcard! Have people always sent postcards? No! Before postcards, people 2 sealed letters.
The 3 for the first decorated postcard came to John P. Charlton in 1861. He thought a simple card 4 a border would be a great way to send a note. Then in the late 1800s, postcards which had pictures on them 5 . By law, people had to write their note on the front—on the picture! The back was 6 for the address. Several years later, England allowed a divided-back postcard. Then people could write their 7 on the back left side. And they put the address 8 . During the early 1900s, the golden age of postcards, people around the world were more and more 9 picture postcards. In 1908, Americans alone mailed over 677 million postcards.
Today, postcards are the 10 most popular collection in the world after stamps and coins. You can always see or get a lot of newly-designed postcards, especially on New Year's Day.
1. A. How B. When C. Why D. Where
2. A. liked B. hated C. found D. lost
3. A. advice B. picture C. idea D. card
4. A. above B. with C. under D. for
5. A. happened B. changed C. ended D. appeared
6. A. even B. only C. still D. ever
7. A. note B. word C. address D. letter
8. A. on the front B. on the back C. on the left D. on the right
9. A. surprised at B. interested in C. expected by D. worried about
10. A. first B. second C. third D. fourth
Sport is not only physically challenging, but it can also be mentally challenging. Criticism from coaches, parents, and other teammates, as well as pressure to win can create an excessive amount of anxiety or stress for young athletes（运动员）. Stress can be physical, emotional, or psychological, and research has indicated that it can lead to burnout. Burnout has been described as dropping or quitting of an activity that was at one time enjoyable.
The early years of development are critical years for learning abut oneself. The sport setting is one where valuable experiences can take place. Young athletes can, for example, learn how to cooperate with others, make friends, and gain other social skills that will be used throughout their lives. Coaches and parents should be aware, at all times, that their feedback to youngsters can greatly affect their children. Youngsters may take their parents’ and coaches’ criticisms to heart and find a flaw（缺陷）in themselves.
Coaches and parents should also be cautious that youth sport participation does not become work for children. The outcome of the game should not be more important than the process of learning the sport and other life lessons. In today’s youth sport setting, young athletes may be worrying more about who will win instead of enjoying themselves and the sport. Following a game, many parents and coaches focus on the outcome and find fault with youngsters’ performances. Positive reinforcement should be provided regardless of the outcome. Research indicates that positive reinforcement motivates and has a greater effect on learning than criticism. Again, criticism can create high levels of stress, which can lead to burnout.
1. An effective way to prevent the burnout of young athletes is __________________.
A) to make sports less competitive
B) to make sports more challenging
C) to reduce their mental stress
D) to increase their sense of success
2. According to the passage sport is positive for young people in that _____________.
A) it can help them learn more about society
B) it teaches them how to set realistic goals for themselves
C) it enables them to find flaws in themselves
D) it can provide them with valuable experiences
3. Many coaches and parents are in the habit of criticizing young athletes ________.
A) without realizing criticism may destroy their self confidence
B) in order to make them remember life’s lessons
C) believing that criticism is beneficial for their early development
D) so as to put more pressure on them
4. According to the passage parents and coaches should _______________.
A) help children to win every game
B) pay more attention to letting children enjoy sports
C) enable children to understand the positive aspect of sports
D) train children to cope with stress
5. The author’s purpose in writing the passage is _________________.
A) to persuade young children not to worry about criticism
B) to stress the importance of positive reinforcement to children
C) to discuss the skill of combining criticism with encouragement
D) to teach young athletes how to avoid burnout
Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worldwide. Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts（干旱）are causing famine and distress in some areas, and industrial and agricultural by-products are polluting water supplies. Since the world’ population is expected to double in the next 50 years, many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis.
But that doesn’t have to be the outcome. Water shortages do not have to trouble the world — if we start valuing water more than we have in the past. Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises, today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective. We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much as we like in any way we want.
Instead, for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor, governments should price water to reflect its actual value. This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs.
Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways. For example. often the cheapest way to provide irrigation（灌溉）water in the dry tropics is through small-scale projects, such as gathering rainfall in depressions（凹地）and pumping it to nearby cropland.
No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently, they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water sue. Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local, regional, and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use, countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water policy.
1. What is the real cause of the potential water crisis?
A) The world population is increasing faster and faster.
B) Half of the world’s water resources have been seriously polluted.
C) Humanity has not placed sufficient value on water resources.
D) Only half of the world’s water can be used.
2. As indicated in the passage, the water problem __________.
A) has been exaggerated by some experts in the field
B) is underestimated by government organizations at different levels
C) poses a challenge to the technology of building reservoirs
D) is already serious in certain parts of the world
3. According to the author, the water price should ___________.
A) correspond to its real value
B) be reduced to the minimum
C) stimulate domestic demand
D) take into account the occurrences of droughts
4. The author says that in some hot and dry areas it is advisable to __________.
A) build big lakes to store water
B) construct big pumping stations
C) channel water from nearby rivers to cropland
D) build small and cheap irrigation systems
5. In order to raise the efficiency of the water supply, measures should be taken to _______.
A) centralize the management of water resources
B) increase the sense of responsibility of agencies at all levels
C) guarantee full protection of the environment
D) encourage local and regional control of water resources
最近中央电视台的综艺节目“朗读者”引发广泛关注，引发人们对阅读重要性的思考。请你以“The importance of reading books”为题写一篇英文短文，字数不少于100词。