( ) 1、现代学生观强调学生主体性的观点，学生主体性包括学生在教育教学活动中的自主性、主动性和创造性三个基本特征。
( ) 2、中小学普及信息技术教育的目标之一是开设信息技术选修课程。
( ) 3、新型师生关系的核心是把教师和学生看成真正意义上的人，师生之间是平等的关系，没有高低和尊卑之分。
( ) 4、诚信既是人际关系中的基础性道德，也是市场经济领域中的基础性道德规范，而学校是诚信教育的启蒙场所。
( ) 5、新课标三个学段：第一学段(1～6年级)、第二学段(7～9年级)、第三学段(10～12年级)
( ) 6、提倡选择性学习是日本数学课程的一大特色。
( ) 7、新一轮的数学课程改革，就是正确传统教学的彻底改变。
( ) 8、英语在19世纪已经发展成独立的学科。
( ) 9、“精讲多练”成为我们普遍的教学模式。
( ) 10.教育学是研究人类教育现象和教育问题，揭示教育规律的一门科学。
1.我国最早的教育学专著是 ( )
A.《学记》 B.《论语》 C.《礼记》 D.《师说》
2.以下不属于第二代人力资本理论的是 ( )
3.在课堂中，教师让学生自主学习，学生各行其是，教师能够解答学生的问题，但不能给予及时的正确指导，不认真检查学习结果。这种师生关系的形态属于 ( )
A.对立型 B.民主型 C.依赖型 D.放任型
４.发展教学论的主要代表人物是 ( )
5.在德育方法中，下列属于说服教育的是 ( )
A.操行评定 B.艺术陶冶 C.讨论与参观 D.表扬与奖励
6.我们坐在一列靠站停止的火车上，当相邻的一列火车开动时，我们会觉得是我们所坐的这列火车开动了，这种现象是 ( )
A.真动知觉 B.自主运动 C.诱导运动 D.运动后效
7.我们在解数学题时，通常是根据已知条件朝着目标方向进行分析与综合，最后寻求到答案，这种解决问题的思维方式是 ( )
8.根据皮亚杰的认知发展阶段理论，儿童具备守恒一般是在 ( )
9.根据加德纳的多元智力理论，教师和心理咨询师通常智力水平高主要是在 ( )
A.语言智力 B.人际智力 C.自知智力 D.身体-动觉智力
10.下列心理学家与后面的理论相匹配是 ( )
( )1、A. wallet B. wander C. manager D. quantity
( )2、A. season B. base C. refuse D. Indonesia
( )3、A .extremely B. appreciate C. decide D. secret
( )4、A. hurry B. lurk C. nursery D. occur
( )5、A. feather B. feature C. leather D. pleasure
( )6、A. pulse B. construction C. interrupt D. pull
( )7、A. cold B. condolence C. moist D. scold
( )8、A. thousand B. ground C. found D. four
1、am (过去式)________ 2、play (名词) ________
3、him (主格) ________ 4、we (宾格) ________
5、your (反身代词) ________ 6、feet (原形) ________
7、box (复数) ________ 8、good (比较级) ________
9、two (序数词) ________ 10、south (对应词) ________
1．They __________ (分析) the accident and then showed us what had happened.
2．The crowd __________(鼓掌称赞) his wonderful performance.
3．After another glass of wine，I began to talk much __________(头昏眼花地)．
4．The knife needs __________(削尖)．
5．She made an ________ (精确的)description of the attacker.
Life in 10 years will be 1 because many changes will take place, but what will the changes be?
The population is growing fast. There will be 2 people in the world and most of them will live longer than before. Computers will be 3 smaller and more useful, and there will be at least one in every home. And computer studies will be one of the important 4 in school.
People will work fewer hours than they are doing now, and they will have more free time for sports, watching TV and traveling. Traveling will be much cheaper and 5 . And many more people will go to other countries 6 holidays.
There will be changes in our food, too. More land will be used for 7 new towns and houses. Then there will be less 8 for cows and sheep, so meat will be more expensive. Maybe people won’t eat it every day, they will eat more vegetables and fruit instead. Maybe people will be healthier.
Work in the future will be different, too. Dangerous and hard work will 9 by robots. Because of this, many people will not have 10 to do. This will be a problem.
1. A. same B. difference C. different D. difficulty
2. A. little and little B. less and less C. many and many D. more and more
3. A. much B. many C. more D. most
4. A. subject B. subjects C. way D. games
5. A. easily B. more easily C. easy D. easier
6. A. for B. with C. at D. in
7. A. build B. building C. to build D. builds
8. A. rooms B. room C. spaces D. sea
9. A. done B. do C. be done D. be did
10. A. works enough B. enough works C. work enough D. enough work
We can see how the product life cycle works by looking at the introduction of instant coffee. When it was introduced, most people did not like it as well as “regular” coffee, and it took several years to gain general acceptance (introduction stage). At one point, though, instant coffee grew rapidly in popularity, and many brands were introduced (stage of rapid growth). After a while, people became attached to one brand and sales leveled off (stage of maturity). Sales went into a slight decline（衰退）when freeze-dried coffees were introduced (stage of decline).
The importance of the product life cycle to marketers is this: Different stages in the product life cycle call for different strategies. The goal is to extend product life so that sales and profits do not decline. One strategy is called market modification. It means that marketing managers look for new users and market sections. Did you know, for example, that the backpacks that so many students carry today were originally designed for the military?
Market modification also means searching for increased usage among present customers or going for a different market, such as senior citizens. A marketer may re-position the product to appeal to new market sections.
Another product extension strategy is called product modification. It involves changing product quality, features, or style to attract new users or more usage from present users. American auto manufacturers are using quality improvement as one way to recapture world markets. Note, also, how auto manufacturers once changed styles dramatically from year to year to keep demand from falling.
1. According to the passage, when people grow fond of one particular brand of a product, its sales will _________________.
A) decrease gradually
B) remain at the same level
C) become unstable
D) improve enormously
2. The first paragraph tells us that a new product is __________________.
A) not easily accepted by the public
B) often inferior to old ones at first
C) often more expensive than old ones
D) usually introduced to satisfy different tastes
3. Marketers need to know which of the four stages a product is in so as to ____________.
A) promote its production
B) work out marketing policies
C) speed up its life cycle
D) increase its popularity
4. The author mentions the example of “backpacks” (Line 4, Para.2) to show the importance of _______________.
A) pleasing the young as well as the old
B) increasing usage among students
C) exploring new market sections
D) serving both military and civil needs
5. In order to recover their share of the world market, U.S. auto makers are ____________.
A) improving product quality
B) increasing product features
C) modernizing product style
D) re-positioning their product in the market
Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the disputed refereeing（裁判）decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was appointed to study the performance of some top referees.
The researcher organized an experimental tournament（锦标赛）involving four youth teams. Each match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which different referees were in charge.
Observers noted down the referees’ errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament. Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a remarkably high number.
The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyze the matches in detail. Surprisingly, he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research shows the optimum（最佳的）distance is about 20 meters.
There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4 meters per second.
If FIFA, football’s international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.
He also says that FIFA’s insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be misguided. If keeping up with the action is not so important, their physical condition is less critical.
1. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to _______.
A) review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup
B) analyze the causes of errors made by football referees
C) set a standard for football refereeing
D) reexamine the rules for football refereeing
2. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.
A) slightly above average
B) higher than in the 1998 World Cup
C) quite unexpected
D) as high as in a standard match
3. The findings of the experiment show that _______.
A) errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball
B) the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors
C) the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur
D) errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot
4. The word “officials” (Line 2, Para.4) most probably refers to _______.
A) the researchers involved in the experiment
B) the inspectors of the football tournament
C) the referees of the football tournament
D) the observers at the site of the experiment
5. What is one of the possible conclusions of the experiment?
A) The ideal retirement age for an experienced football referee is 45.
B) Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee.
C) A football referee should be as young and energetic as possible.
D) An experienced football referee can do well even when in poor physical condition.
古人云：“天生我材必有用”（There must be a use for my talent）。通过描述你生活中一件事，说明人各有所长，无论才能大小都能成为有用的人，字数不少于150词的英语短文。