2014年5月浙江省杭州市教师招聘考试小学英语笔试真题

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杭州市教育系统公开招聘教职工专业知识测试(2014年五月)小学英语学科试卷

 

考生需知:

1. 本试卷分试卷和答卷,满分100分,考试时间120分钟。

2.答题前,请在密封区内填写姓名、身份证号、报考单位、报考岗位和座位号。            

3.所有答案必须写在答卷上,写在试卷上无效。

4.考试结束,上交所有试卷和答卷。

 

第一部分:单项填空(共15题,每小题一份,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项标号涂黑。

1.---Wow,isn’t this handsome device the most popular iPad 2?Can I have a look at it?

   -----_____________________________________.

A.No.you can’t                           B.  Yes,go ahead. 

C.  Sorry,it is expensive.                  D.  Of course,it looks good

2.---My friend Eric has successfully swum across the English Channel!

   -----Unbelievable!Can you tell me when he______________________it?

A.made           B.  has made       C.  had made      D.  is making

3.After the biggest earthquake took place in Japan,the international rescuers devoted all their energies to searching for survivors but  ___________________________they found only several bodies.

A. Immediately   B.  especially     C.  curiously     D.  unfortunately

4.It is always __________________________ when you misunderstand the customs of other countries.

A.embarrassing   B.  specific       C.  typical       D.  unique

5.What the little boy got from his father was _________________________magazine.

A.a large interesting French       B.  an interesting French large

C.  a French large interesting       D.  an interesting large French

6._____________________about his financial situation, I would have helped him out.

A.Did I know     B.  Had i been knowing      C.  Had I known      D.   Have I known

7._____________________personal experience,you may have to put in extra hours if you want to do well in the coming test.

A.Of             B.  At           C.  From            D.  In

8.Celia,who is on_____________________holiday with her husband, wants to stay in a quiet place, taste delicious food and play_____________________tennis.

A.a,a            B.  /,/          C.  the,the         D.  /,the

9.Mary_____________________gardening as a regular form of relaxation after she got married. 

A.took up        B.  caught on C.  brought about      D.  made for

10.The professor recommended the young couple_____________________their emotions.

A.do not hide       B.  note hide C.  mustn’hide        D.  couldn’t hide

11._____________________program has been developed up to this date, but none of them are economical enough to be carried out now.

A.All            B,Several     C.  Either             D.  Many a

12._____________________the fact that the old cars could not go as fast as modern ones, people still watched the race with a great deal of pleasure and excitement.

A.Thanks to      B.  Despite   C.  As far as       D.  Although

13.The engineer has spent one year working in the United States and discovered how things_____________________overseas.

A.manage         B.  promote   C.  operate         D.  transform

14.This old dictionary has been of great _____________________in helping me to learn the English language.

A.usefulness     B.  value        C.  price              D.  cost

15.Much to her delight, three_____________________neighbors showed up and several of them even brought with them some candies and cookies.

A.dozen          B.  dozen of     C.  dozens             D.  dozens of

 

第二部分:完形填空 (共15题,每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选择最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

 

For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,Cand D.   Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

 

Due to rising pollution and a strengthening yuan,Beijing saw its tourist numbers drop to 4.20 million visits from January to November in 2013 from 5.01 million visits in 2012.

The number of overseas travelers to Beijing grew after the city hosted the 2008 Olympics until 2012, when it saw a 3.8% 16 ,followed by the further drop last year.The unexpected drop in 2013 came 17  new policies introduced in a (n) 18 to support China’s tourism industry. But only  14,000 tourists 19  the visa-free stopover, according to the Beijing General Station of Exit and Entry Frontier Inspection,well short of the 20,000 target officials had 20 predicteD. 

Jiang Yiyi,deputy director of the Institute of International Tourism at the China Tourism Academy, 21 part of the drop-off in foreign tourists to the strengthening yuan.

In 2013, the yuan increased almost 3% against the U,S, dollar, Making “Beijing a more expensive 22 than in the past”,Jiang Yiyi noteD.  “Jiang Yiyi noteD.  “At the same time,” she said, “other countries have seen their tourist numbers grow as the currencies 23 .While RMB is on the rise, currencies from some of China’s 24 for tourism, such as Japan, are depreciating, meaning travel to some other Asian countries has been getting cheaper while travel to China is becoming more expensive,”Jiang Yiyi saiD. 

In 2013, the Japanese yen fell 21% against the U.S dollar, 25 10 million overseas tourists.

The Beijing Tourism Development Commission noted that the country’s battle with pollution is another 26 cities face in attracting overseas tourists.

Heavy air pollution from Beijing to Shanghai,where pollution levels went off the chars in December, 27 don’t do much to help attract tourists. China’s tourism officials are expetiong to 28 the trend of declining overseas visitors in 2014--possible,experts say, if it 29 its outdated tour packages and lowets ticket prices.

Jiang Yiyi at the China Tourism Academy suggests China adopt a long-term national plan to 30 the country’s image and investment in overseas tourism to attract more visitors.

 

16.  A.  growth           B.  decline         C.  change          D.  influence

17.  A.  in addition to   B.  by means of        C.  as a result of D.  in spite of

18.  A.   Attempt         B.  agreement          C.  hurry           D.  mood   

19.  A.  got familiar with B.  came up with      C.  took advantage of D.  put emphasis on

20.  A.   Fortunately     B.  frequently      C.  previously   D.  occasionally

21.  A.  devoted          B.  owed            C.  attached        D.  exposed

22.  A.  destination   B.  tourism         C.  authority       D.  association

23.  A.  reform           B.  collapse           C.  stabilize       D.  weaken

24.  A.  competitors   B.  supporters      C.  investors       D.  reminders

25.  A.  inspiring        B.  attracting      C.  disappointing   D.  embarrassing

26.  A.  opportunity   B.  situation          C.  obstacle        D.  alternative

27.  A.  relevantly       B.  approximately      C.  dramatically    D.  certainly

28.  A.  set              B.  reverse         C.  confirm      D.  follow

29.  A.  revises          B.  sells              C.  excludes        D.  demonstrates

30.  A.  create           B.  keep            C.  damage          D.  improve

 

第三部分:阅读理解  (共15题,每小题2分, 满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选择,并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。

A

It’s a rough world out there. Step outside and you could break a leg slipping on your doormat. Light up the stove and you could burn down the house. Luckily, if the doormat or stove failed to warn of coming disaster, a successful lawsuit might compensate you for your troubles. Or so the thinking has gone since the early 1980s,when juries began holding more companies liable for their customers’ misfortunes.

Feeling threatened,companies responded by writing ever-longer warning labels, trying to anticipate every possible accident. Today, stepladders carry labels several inches long that warn, among other things, that you might---surprise!---fall off. The label on a child’s Batman cape cautions that the toy“does not enable user to fly.”

While warnings are often appropriate and necessary--the dangers of drug interactions, for example --and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn’t clear that they actually protect the manufactures and sellers from liability if a customer is injured, About 50 percent of the companies lose when injured customers take them to court.

Now the tide appears to be turning. As personal injury claims continue as before, some courts are beginning to side with defendants, especially in cases where a warning label probably wouldn’t have changed anything. In May, Julie Nimmons, president of Schutt Sports in Illinois, successfully fought a lawsuit involving a football player who was paralyzed in a game while wearing a Schutt helmet. “We’re really sorry he has become paralyzed, but helmets aren’t designed to prevent those kinds of injures,” says Nimmons. The jury agreed that the nature of the game, not the helmet, was the reason for the athlete’s injury.At the same time, the American Law Institute--a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight -- issued new guidelines for tort law stating that companies need not warn customers of obvious dangers or bombard them with a lengthy list of possible ones,“Important information can get buried in a sea of trivialities,”says a law professor at Cornell Law School who helped draft the new guidelines, If the moderate end of the legal community has its way, the information on products might actually be provided for the benefit of customers and not as protection against legal liability.

31. What was things like in the 1980s when accidents happened?

A.Customers might be relieved of their disasters through lawsuits.

B.Injured customers could expect protection from the legal system.

C.Companies would avoid being sued by providing new warnings.

D.Juries tended to find fault with the compensations companies promiseD. 

32.Manufacturers as mentioned in the passage tend to____________________________________.

A.  satisfy customers by writing long warnings on products

B.  become honest in describing the inadequacies of their products

C.  make the best use of labels to avoid legal liability

D.  feel obliged to view customers’ safety as their first concern

33.The case of Schutt helmet demonstrated that ____________________________________.

A.  some injury claims were no longer supported by law

B.  helmets were not designed to prevent injuries

C.  product labels would eventually be discarded

D.   some sports games might lose popularity with athletes

34.The author’s attitude towards the issue seems to be ____________________________________.

A.Biased

B.Indifferent

C.Puzzling

D.objective

35.What does the first sentence in this passage mean?

A.  The world is full of various dangers.

B.  The outside of the world is not smooth.

C.  The surface of the earth is very uneven.

D.  The world is full of violent noisy people.

 

 

B

Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman, A man goes shopping because he needs something. His purpose is settled and decided in advance. He knows what he wants, and his objective is to find it and buy it; the price is a secondary consideration. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman promptly produces it,and the business of trying it on proceeds at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes, with hardly any chat and to everyone’s satisfaction.

   For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have what he wants, or does not have exactly what he wants. In that case the salesman, as the name implies, tries to sell the customer something else-he offers the nearest he can to the article required.   No good salesman brings out such a substitute bluntly; he does so with skill and polish,“I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size. It happens to be the colour you mentioned.   ”Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is , “This is the right colour and may be the right size, but I should be wasting  my time and yours by trying it on .”

   Now how does a woman go a bout buying clothes? In almost every respect she does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need.   She has never fully made up her mind what she wants, and she is only “having a look round”. She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the salesman tells her, even by what companions tell her. She will try on any number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding something that everyone thinks suits her. Contrary to a lot of jokes, most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes.

They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another, to and fro, often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a laborious process, But apparently an enjoyable one . Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands.

 

36.When a man is buying clothes, ____________________________________.

A.  he buys cheap things, regardless of quality

B.  he chooses things that others recommend

C.  he does not mind how much he has to pay for the right things

D.  he buys good quality things, so long as they are not too dear

37.What do men care about the fit of new clothes?

A.  They like their clothes to be bigger than the average size.

B.  Most men just assume that the size is right for them.

C.  They make sure a thing fits before they buy it.

D.  They do not worry whether a thing fits well or not.

38.What does a man do when he cannot get exactly what he wants?

A.  He buys a similar thing of the colour he wants,

B.  He usually does not buy anything.

C.  At least two of his requirements must be met before he buys.

D.  So long as the style is right, he buys the thing.

39.In commerce a good salesman is one who____________________________________.

A.  treats his customers sharply

B.  always has in stock just what the customers want

C.  does not waste his time on difficult customers

D.  sells something a customer does not particularly want

40.What does the passage tell us about women shoppers for clothes?

A.  They welcome suggestions from anyone.

B.  Women rarely consider buying cheap clothes.

C.  Women often buy things without giving the matter proper thought.

D.  They listen to advice but never take it.

 

 

C

   Most growing plants contain much more water than all other materials combined.   C.  R. Barnes has Suggested that it is proper to term the plant a water structure as to call a house composed mainly of brick a brick building. Certain it is that all essential processes of plant growth and development occur in water. The mineral elements from the soil that are usable by the plant must be dissolved in the soil solution before they can be taken into the root. They are carried to all parts of the growing plant and are built into essential plant materials while in a dissolved state. The carbon dioxide)CO2)from the air may enter the leaf as a gas but is dissolved in water in the leaf before it is combined with a part of the water to form simple sugars-the base material from which the plant body is mainly built. Actively growing plant parts are generally 75 to 90 percent water. Structural parts of plants, such as woody stems no longer actively growing, may have much less water than growing tissues.

   The actual amount of water in the plant at one time, however, is only a very small part of what passes through it during its development. The processes photosynthesis, by which carbon dioxide and water are combined-in the presence of chlorophyll and with energy derived from light—to form sugars, require that carbon dioxide from the air enter the plant. This occurs mainly in the leaves. The leaf surface is not solid but contains great numbers of minute openings, though which the carbon dioxide enters. The same structure that permits the one gas to enter the leaf, however, permits another gas—water vapor—to be lost from it. Since carbon dioxide is present in the air only in trace quantities(3 to 4 parts in 10000parts of air) and water vapor is near saturation in the air spaces within the leaf(at 80degree F, saturated air would contain about 186 parts of water vapor in 10000 parts of air),the total amount of water vapor lost is many times the carbon dioxide intake. Actually, because of wind and other factors, the loss of water in proportion to carbon dioxide intake may be even greater than the relative concentrations of the two gases. Also, not all of the carbon dioxide that enters the leaf is synthesized into carbohydrates.

 

41.A growing plant needs water for all of the following expect____________________________________.

   A.   forming sugars

   B.   sustaining woody stems

   C.   keeping green

   D.   producing carbon dioxide

42.The essential function of photosynthesis in terms of plant needs is ____________________________________.

   A.   to form sugars

   B.   to derive energy from light

   C.   to preserve water

   D.   to combine carbon dioxide with water

43.The second paragraph uses facts to develop the essential idea that____________________________________.

   A.   a plant efficiently utilizes most of the water it absorbs

   B.   carbon dioxide is the essential substance needed for plant development

   C.   a plant needs more water than is found in its composition

   D.   the stronger the wind, the more the water vapor loss

44.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?

   A.   The mineral elements will not be absorbed by the plant unless they are dissolved in its root.

   B.   The woody stems contain more water than the leaves.

   C.   Air existing around the leaf is found to be saturated. 

   D.   Only part of the carbon dioxide in the plant is synthesized. 

45.This passage is mainly about____________________________________.

   A.   the functions of carbon dioxide and water

   B.   the role of water in a growing plant

   C.   the process of simple sugar formation

   D.   the synthesis of water with carbon dioxide

 

第四部分:写作 (共一题, 满分20分)

   According to home economists, the family environment is critical during human maturation, and knowledge in this area will help to increase the chances of a healthy development.

Write on ANSWER SHEET a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:

   The influence of Family on Personal Development

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, stare specifically what your opinion is.

In the second part, support your opinion with appropriate reasons or example.

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

   Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriateness.

Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

___________________________________________________________________________________________ 

 

第五部分:教学设计(满分20分)

根据所提供的小学英语四年级教学内容,单元主题是Clothes。 请设计一个课时的教案。请分析教学重难点,按照新课导入、知识呈现、联系巩固、拓展延伸等具体环节设计,并在恰当之处辅以设计意图说明。中英文皆可。

 

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