2014年浙江省教师招聘考试英语(高中、初中)笔试真题

来源: 2015-10-16 10:46
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绝密 ★ 考试结束前

浙江省2014年教师招聘考试

英语(高中、初中)

课程代码:103

请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。

选择题部分

注意事项:

1. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。

2. 每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

第一节:单项选择填空从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

1. I remember I went to the shop with you last month, but I can’t find it now. I always have a poor ______ of direction.

A. idea B. feeling

C. experience D. sense

2. What he said puzzled me so much that I stopped for quite a few minutes to ______.

A. make it out B. make it off

C. make it up D. make it over

3. I thought Mary would tell me about the accident but she ______ it.

A. doesn’t mention B. hadn’t mentioned

C. didn’t mention D. hasn’t mentioned

4. I don’t think ______ necessary to wear school uniform every day.

A. this B. it

C. its D. that

5. My friend, the busy man, decided to have ______ dinner at home with his family on ______ Mid-Autumn Festival.

A. the; a B. a; the

C. /; the D. /; /

6. Mark Twain’s masterpiece is ______, the book from which, as Ernest Hemingway noted, “all modern American literature comes.”

A. “The Adventure of Tom Sawyer” B. “The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn”

C. “The Gilded Age” D. “Life on the Mississippi”

7. It was the ______ who brought the English language into England.

A. Normans B. Celts

C. Anglo-Saxons D. Danes

8. The opening between the vocal cords is sometimes referred to as ______.

A. glottis B. vocal cavity

C. pharynx D. uvula

9. As modern linguistics aims to describe and analyze the language people actually use, and not to lay down rules for “correct” linguistic behavior, it is said to be ______.

A. prescriptive B. psycholinguistic

C. sociolinguistic D. descriptive

10. On the north America shares a long land boundary with ______.

A. Canada B. Mexico

C. The USSR D. France

11. 现代英语教学方法受到不同语言观的影响,逐步衍生出不同的教学流派,体现认知派的教学法是

A. 翻译法 B. 暗示法

C. 交际法 D. 听说法

12. 中小学英语教材可分为深层结构和表层结构, 其中属于深层结构的是

A. 图表系统 B. 作业系统

C. 文本系统 D. 知识系统

13. 学习风格指个体吸收、处理、储存新信息和技能的方式,它可以分成不同种类,以下属于感知学习风格的类型是

A. 体验学习型 B. 歧义容忍型/歧义不容忍型

C. 内向型/外向型 D. 场依存型/场独立型

14. 英语属拼音文字系统,所以它的词汇通达的模式顺序是

A. 词形-语义-语音 B. 词形-语音-语义

C. 语音-词形-语义 D. 语音-语义-词形

15. ______ of a word refers to those words that may express a positive or negative attitude or subtle feelings towards something.

A. Collocation B. Denotation

C. Connotation D. Hyponym

第二节:完型填空阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

Last year, my boyfriend suggested that I should run the London marathon, and I laughed. He laughed too, but he laughed too long and too loud. That made me think. I   16   that he didn’t believe that I could do it. That made me angry, but determined.

On the day of the race in London, I   17   up with about 30,000 other runners. The faster runners were at the front, while slower runners like me were   18   further back. In that way, the professional runners and club runners were not slowed down by the amateurs (业余者).

For the first 10 km I felt happy and my legs felt very   19  . However, at 15 km I got a pain in my side and running became difficult, but I kept going and the pain disappeared. At the 30 km   20  , I felt extremely tired, and wanted to stop, but I kept on going. I   21   another 3 km and then I began to feel better again.

When I finished 35 km, I knew I was going to get to the end of the course. Somehow that   22   made me feel lighter and faster and it seemed as if my legs   23   over the last few kilometers. Finally I came round the last   24   and saw the finishing line. I finished the race in just under four hours. The winners had completed the race in 2 hours and 10 minutes, but I didn’t   25  ! I had run 42 km and completed my first marathon.

16. A. hoped B. fearedC. hated D. realized

17. A. lined B. gotC. kept D. made

18. A. taken B. preventedC. placed D. forced

19. A. heavy B. comfortableC. tense D. weak

20. A. leg B. stopC. mark D. break

21. A. took B. coveredC. gained D. went

22. A. pride B. satisfactionC. success D. confidence

23. A. rolled B. jumpedC. flew D. turned

24. A. bend B. routeC. part D. course

25. A. care B. loseC. win D. complain

第三节:阅读理解阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中,选出最佳选项(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

(一)

A few years ago I was shopping with a friend and his 12-year-old daughter in downtown San Francisco. A street musician, whom my friend happened to know from his own musician days, was playing the saxophone(萨克斯管) on a street corner. His name was Clifford, and he had attracted a large crowd with his performance. After he finished, my friend introduced him to me and his daughter. Clifford asked her if she played any instrument. When she replied that she was taking trumpet(小号) lessons and played in her junior high school band, he said, “That’s fine, little lady. Learn your instrument well and you can play anything. ”

Somehow these simple yet wise words struck me as appropriate not only for a trumpet player but also for a reader. If you learn to read well, you can read anything you want-not just newspapers and magazines, but more difficult material like philosophy, file criticism, military history-whatever interests you as your confidence grows. You would not be limited in any way. If you have the vocabulary-or at least a good dictionary near at hand-you can pick up a book, concentrate on it, and make sense of the author’s words.

In the United States, reading instruction often ends at elementary school, so students sometimes have difficulty as they progress through school. They must take their assignments armed only with their elementary school reading skills. The result, too often, is frustration and loss of confidence. And the assigned reading in your college courses will be even greater than they were in high school. Developing Reading Skills is designed to accomplish several tasks : to show you the skills that will enable you to read with greater comprehension, to help you cope with reading assignments with confidence, and to teach you to become an active reader.

26. The author develops his point by starting with ______.

A. an example B. an incident

C. a statement D. a contrast

27. Which of the following statements is implied in Paragraph 1?

A. Clifford was good at playing the saxophone.

B. The author’s friend was once a street musician.

C. The 12-year-old girl played the trumpet very poorly.

D. Clifford was a good music teacher.

28. “Struck … as appropriate” in Line 1, Paragraph 2 most probably means ______.

A. seemed to be appropriateB. proved to be appropriate

C. happened to be appropriateD. found to be appropriate

29. With good reading skills, you can ______.

A. understand anything you read without difficulty

B. work out the author’s meaning if only you concentrate on the book

C. understand what you read with the help of a good dictionary

D. concentrate on whatever you read

30. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that Developing Reading skills ______.

A. is directed to elementary school students

B. centers around vocabulary building skills

C. offers elementary reading skills

D. aims at helping students read better

(二)

That experiences influence subsequent behavior is evidence of an obvious but nevertheless remarkable activity called remembering. Learning could not occur without the function popularly named memory. Constant practice has such an effect on memory as to 1ead to skilful performance on the piano,to recitation of a poem,and even to reading and understanding these words. So-called intelligent behavior demands memory,remembering being a primary requirement for reasoning. The ability to solve any problem or even to recognize that a problem exists depends on memory. Typically,the decision to cross a street is based on remembering many earlier experiences.

Practice (or review) tends to build and maintain memory for a task or for any learned material. Over a period of no practice what has been learned tends to be forgotten;and the adaptive consequences may not seem obvious. Yet,dramatic instances of sudden forgetting can be seen to be adaptive. In this sense,the ability to forget can be interpreted to have survived through a process of natural selection in animals. Indeed,when one’s memory of an emotionally painful experience leads to serious anxiety,forgetting may produce relief. Nevertheless,an evolutionary interpretation might make it difficult to understand how the commonly gradual process of forgetting survived natural selection.

In thinking about the evolution of memory together with all its possible aspects,it is helpful to consider what would happen if memories failed to fade. Forgetting clearly aids orientation in time,since old memories weaken and the new tend to stand out,providing clues for inferring duration. Without forgetting,adaptive ability would suffer,for example,learned behavior that might have been correct a decade ago may no longer be. Cases are recorded of people who (by ordinary standards) forgot so little that their everyday activities were full of confusion. This forgetting seems to serve that survival of the individual and the species.

Another line of thought assumes a memory storage system of limited capacity that provides adaptive flexibility specifically through forgetting. In this view,continual adjustments are made between learning or memory storage (input) and forgetting (output).Indeed,there is evidence that the rate at which individuals forget is directly related to how much they have learned. Such data offers gross support of contemporary models of memory that assume an input-output balance.

31. From the evolutionary point of view,______.

A. sudden forgetting may bring about adaptive consequences

B. forgetting for lack of practice tends to be obviously inadaptive

C. if a person gets very forgetful all of a sudden, he must be very adaptive

D. forgetting is an indication of an individual’s adaptability

32. According to the passage, if a person never forgot,______.

A. he would survive bestB. he would have a lot of trouble

C. the evolution of memory would stopD. his ability to learn would be enhanced

33. From the last paragraph we know that ______.

A. memory is a compensation for forgetting

B. the memory storage system is balanced

C. the capacity of a memory storage system is limited

D. forgetfulness is a response to learning

34. The tone of the passage can best be described as ______.

A. humorousB. theoretical

C. exaggerativeD. philosophical

35. The main purpose of this passage is to ______.

A. interpret the function of forgettingB. illustrate the process of adapting

C. explain the performance of memoryD. emphasize the importance of learning

非选择题部分

注意事项:

用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

第四节:填空题(本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)

36. When teaching a grammatical item, the teacher first gives an example, and then explains the underlying rules by using some terms. Finally, he asks the students to practice applying the rule to produce sentences. Such way of presenting grammar is called ______.

37. According to Chomsky, language is not a form of behaviour, it is an intricate ______ system and a large part of language acquisition is the learning of this system.

38. A teacher should be able to attain his professional competence after some period of learning practice and ______.

39. Socio-constructivist theory emphasizes interaction and engagement with the target language in a social context based on the concept of ‘______’ and scaffolding.

40. Linguistic competence, pragmatic competence, discourse competence, strategic competence and fluency all belong to main components of ______.

第五节:翻译题(本大题共6小题,共10分)

把下面的句子翻译成英文(5分)

41. 除了少数几个印刷错误外,这本书还不错。(1分)

42. 居里夫人做了很多实验直到成功。 (1分)

43. 这条污染严重的河流散发出一股难闻的气味。(1分)

44. 地上是湿的,昨晚一定下过雨了。(1分)

45. 使我吃惊的是,她打破了世界纪录。(1分)

把下面短文翻译成中文。(5分)

46.    On 3 June, 1790, a large ship with English colors flying was seen moving in between the heads at the entrance of the harbor. A small boat was sent down the harbor to escort her, and when the men in the boat read the word “London” on the stern of the big ship, they cried out “… Hurrah for a belly-full, and news from our friends”, it was the Lady Juliana. Her arrival marked the end of the battle for survival.

第六节:简答题(本大题共3小题,每小题5分,共15分)

47. 英语教学目标的编写应包含哪四个基本要素?

48. 为什么说听力理解过程中运用相互作用模式(interactive model)较好?

49. 请根据下图解释说明之。

第七节:论述题(本大题15分)

50. “就课程论而言,教材是课程的例子,是课程存在的形态。”谈谈你对这句话的理解,并请举例说明。

第八节:书面表达(本大题10分)

51. 假设你是李华,你的新西兰笔友Mike将于8月来四川旅游,特来信询问有关旅游景点情况。请根据下表所提供的要点,写一封回信,表示盼望他的到来。

(1) 旅游资源:许多世界著名的风景名胜,如九寨沟(海子;清澈见底;色彩斑斓)、都江堰水利工程(2000多年历史;仍在发挥作用)

(2) 相关信息:气候适宜;交通方便。

(3) 适当结尾,盼望Mike来四川旅游。

注意:

(1) 文章必须包括所有要点。

(2) 字数:100字左右。文章的开头与结尾已经为你写好, 不计入总词数。

Dear Mike,

I’m glad to hear that you’re coming to Sichuan in August. …

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第九节:写作(本大题10分)

52. 以My View on Advertisement为题,写一篇120-150词的小作文。

绝密★启用前  秘密★启用后

浙江省2014年教师招聘考试

英语(高中、初中)试题参考答案及评分标准

课程代码:103

第一节:单项选择题(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

1. D2. A3. C4.B5.C

6. B7. C8. A9. D10. A

11. A 12. D 13. A 14. C 15. C

第二节:完型填空(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

16. D 17. A18.C19.B20.C

21.B22.D23.C24. A25. A

第三节: 阅读理解(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

26. B 27. B 28. C 29. D 30. A

31. D 32. B 33. A 34. B 35. C

第四节:填空题 (本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)

36. deductive method

37. rule-based

38. reflection

39. Zone of Proximal Development/ZPD

40. communicative competence

第五节:翻译题(本大题共6小题,共10分)

41. Except for the few printing mistakes, this book is very good.(1分)

42. Mrs Curier kept doing experiments until she succeeded /was successful.(1分)

43. The heavy-polluted river gives off a bad smell.(1分)

44. It must have rained yesterday evening, for it is wet on the ground.(1分)

45. To my surprise, she broke the world record.(1分)

46.    1790年6月3日,发现一只飘着英国旗的大船来到海湾入口处两座山头之间的地方。当即派出小船一只,前去引航。小船上的人一见大船的船尾写着伦敦的字样,便高呼:“好哇,肚子可以吃饱啦,还能听到朋友的消息哪!”这只船便是朱莉安娜女士号。她的到来标志着为生存而奋斗的日子从此结束。(5分)

第六节:简答题 (本大题共3小题,每小题5分,共15分)

47. 英语教学目标的编写包含四个基本要素,即: 教学对象、(1分)教学行为、(1分)教学条件(1分)和教学标准。(2分)

48. 因为它集合了top-down model和bottom-up model这两种模式的优点。(1分)Top-down model 只强调与听力话题有关的背景知识、语篇结构等,忽视语言知识在理解过程中的作用;(1分)而bottom-up model只关注语言从部分到整体的线性加工过程。(1分)事实上“听”是一个复杂的生理和心理过程,既要运用微观语言知识又需要社会文化背景和学习策略等宏观知识,才能把握语音信号从而理解说话者的思想感情。(2分)所以,听力理解过程中运用相互作用模式(interactive model)较好。

49. 该图表明写作自我调控可分为三个主要范畴和过程:一是环境过程,它是指作者对其写作活动所处的环境即自然环境或社会环境的适应和控制;(1分)二是行为过程,是指作者对与英语写作有关的外显活动的自我调控;(1分)三是个人过程,它涉及作者在写作过程中对认知和情感策略的运用。(1分)可见英语写作中自我调控的运作是多维性的、多元化的和多层性的。(2分)

第七节:论述题 (本大题15分)

50. 这句话充分说明了教材和课程的关系。(2分)教材编写应该依靠课程标准;教材编写者必须领会和掌握本学科课标的基本思路和各部分内容,并在教材中加以体现。(2分)课程标准是教材编写的指南和评价依据;教材又是课程标准的载体和具体展示。(2分)教材的编写思路、框架内容不能违背课标的精神和要求;教材的内容要达到课标的基本要求,又便于检验课标理念的合理性和可行性。(2分)

例如:《新目标英语》(Go for it)就是把话题、功能和任务三者结合在一起,以话题为主线,体现语言功能,通过任务增强语言的使用和交际。体现了新课标所倡导的任务型语言教学方法,鼓励参与、体验、合作、自主学习的理念。在教学目标上体现出既注重双基训练,又培养语言的学习策略、跨文化交际、情感态度等的综合语言运用能力。由此可见,教材是课程的例子,是课程存在的形态。(举例酌情给分,最多不超过7分)

第八节:书面表达(本大题10分)

51. Dear Mike,

I’m glad to hear that you’re coming to Sichuan in August. Here is some information about sights of Sichuan, and I hope it will be of some use to you.

There are many world-famous places of interest in Sichuan Province, such as Jiuzhaigou and Dujiangyan Irrigation Project. Jiuzhaigou is famous for its beautiful lakes, of which the water is clear, making it look more colorful. Another attraction in Dujiangyan Irrigation Project, which was built over 2,000 years ago and is still playing an important role in irrigation today. What’s more,the weather here is nice and the transportation is quite convenient, which will make your trip more enjoyable and comfortable.

If you need any further information, do let me know. I’m sure you will have a wonderful time. Look forward to seeing you.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

第九节: 写作(本大题10分)

52.   People living in modern society see and hear a tremendous amount of advertising every day. As a marketing tool, advertising reaches us through newspapers, magazines, radio and television. It also appears on billboards, buses and taxis. Interesting and impressive, advertising has a great impact on society. It gives consumers a wider variety of choices; it helps keep prices down and it encourages competition.

However, advertising is often subject to criticism. Some people complain that there are too many commercials on TV. Others criticize advertizing for convincing people to buy things they possibly don’t want, perhaps do not need and probably cannot afford. Still others condemn advertising for giving people false, misleading and deceptive information. All these show that advertizing can be misused and, as a result, can produce a negative influence on the public.

In order to make advertising more beneficial to the public, effective measures should be taken to enact strict laws to protect consumers against unfair and misleading advertising practice. Moreover, as honest human being, advertisers should strive to remain law abiding, ethical, and socially responsible. At the same time, we, as consumers, should have more confidence in advertising and understand that advertising does a lot for our welfare and economy.


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